I thought this article was nice and simple—had a few good points I agreed with and a few I didn't. For example the suggestion to, "Never take an unpaid internship." I think under certain circumstances such as getting school credit, or even working for a very resourceful design firm that you could learn a lot from may be worth it for the experience. Two suggestions I really agreed with were, "Seek criticism, not praise" and "get out of the studio." Both actions I feel are vital for improving your work as well as your process. A lot of times designers get stuck in their heads or tunnel vision—but by doing both of these things you are giving your mind a little break and allowing yourself to step back and see things more clearly. You may even see something that you didn't while you were stuck.
there is always something better
success is not a finite resource
you can't score without a goal
starting anything requires energy
the path to work is easier than you think
have a positive self-image
create a clean and simple website
curate your work
listen to your instincts
make your work easy to see
time is precious get to the point
never take an unpaid internship
do as many internships as you can stand
don't waste your internship
make friends with a printer
find your local d.i.y store and pound shop
ask questions + oppertunites
make friends not enemies
seek criticism, not praise
news travels fast
don't get drunk at professional events
look business like
never work for free
make your invoice stand out
there's no such thing as a bad job
there's no such thing as a bad client
the environment is not a limitation
boring problems lead to boring solutions
new ideas are always "stupid"
do not underestimate self-initiated work
justify your decisions
show sketches not polished ideas
work with the client not against them don’t always take no for an answer pick your battles if you’re going to fail, fail well be an auteur take responsibility for failure share your ideas get out of the studio awards are nice, but not vital don’t take yourself too seriously
Over the weekend, we went over text content + reformatted the information. We also figured out during last class what works of art would be on display in the exhibit and the layout of the themes + text. Then we started to print, cut out + place the work within the model. Next steps are to make the sculptures to be placed within the exhibits first level, take photos + start the presentation. We also need to finish the second floor of the actual experience of what it was like to be around during Art Nouveau. Then we need to add the text into the museum on the walls and then print out a text portion to turn in friday and we should be at a good place.
These two examples show the use of very fluid and curved letters that compliments the bright colors and the other aspects of the posters. There are not many straight or angular edges to most of the artwork made during Art Nouveau; most demonstrated pieces used curves to embrace the idea of growth, continence and movement.
The Art Nouveau movement inspired more expressive, curves and hand-created typefaces than any other art period. Many of these typefaces included stylized, elegantly displayed designs and a frequent use of hand lettering. Art Nouveau typography is depicted extremely decorative, embellished stroke endings, very high and low “waistlines,” diagonal and triangular character shapes, top- or bottom-weighted stresses, angled crossbars and often was comprised of a few of these distinctive traits. The posters of Aubrey Beardsley, Alphonse Mucha and Joseph Kaspar Sattler, three renowned artists of this period, inspired many type designs during Art Nouveau.
Liberation was one of the reoccurring themes of Art Nouveau as the public embraced their freedom of expression and many artists followed in suite and embraced the depiction of liberation and the widespread questioning of values. Many pieces of art during this time focused on representing the newly uncensored social gathering content of social gatherings and were used in cigarette and liquor advertisements.
Nature was a big influence on Art Nouveau through use of a vital organic force that could be almost terrifying. In architecture, whiplash curves were used to resemble vines literally overtaking houses and iron support columns were cast in the form of a stem or root that is bursting alive at the top. The overall use of the nature theme was to represent the life cycle of birth, life, decay and death. Nature was not always portrayed in a beautiful light; often nature was displayed as a creepy otherworld, governed by dark uncontrollable forces.
The act of selling sex in advertisements was widely used during Art Nouveau. Focus for many of these advertisements revolved around the notion that if a male bought a product then beautiful women would flock to him. During this time many of the ceramics were very curved, often abstractly representing a woman’s natural curves. Designers did not just aim to sell the promise of sexual fulfillment to a male audience, but also, they were selling a sophisticated, decorative and glamorous identity to women—increasingly the dominant consumers
In this article there was A LOT of redundancy about being prepared, honest, never being negative, etc. but I did think it was a helpful article and a good rule book to go by (but one that is still flexible and subjective to growth and personalization to your own words and your own situation) so I summed up each helpful tip that was written in the article General Guidelines in Answering Interview Questions
The single most important strategy in interviewing, as in all phases of your job search, is what we call: "The Greatest Executive Job Finding Secret." And that is : Find out what people want, than show them how you can help them get it and before blurting out your qualifications, you must get some idea of what the employer wants most. Once you know what he wants, you can then present your qualifications as the perfect “key” that fits the “lock” of that position. DOs Verbal tips Allow yourself to feel nervous (everyone is and you'll do better) Be upbeat and positive Rehearse your answers + time them Only use these answers (shown here) as a guide + include your own thoughts & words Jot down & review keywords to help you remember concepts Rehearse your answers frequently Think before you answer (a brief pause to collect your thoughts is good) Employer tips Learn what your employer wants most in their ideal candidate, then show how you meet those qualifications Match your abilities, with the needs of the employer Be honest
Other things Keep an interview diary (jot down what went good and what you could have done better) DON'Ts Never be negative Never talk for more than 2 minutes straight Don't try to memorize answers word for word Never lie Don't be like the 95% of humanity who say they will follow up on something, but never do
Question 1 Tell me about yourself.
DON'Ts No rambling Do not recapping your life story Do not dip into your ancient work history or personal matters DOs Start with the present Tell why you are well qualified for the
position Match your
qualifications to what the interviewer is looking for It's imperative that you try to uncover your
interviewer's greatest need, want, problem or goal To do so, make you take these two steps:
Do all the homework you can before the interview to uncover this person's wants
and needs (not the generalized needs of the industry or company)
As early as you can in the interview, ask for a more complete description of what
the position entails
You might ask simply, "And in addition to that?..." or, "Is there anything else you see as essential to success in this position?
Question 2 What are your greatest strengths? DON'Ts You don't want to come across as egotistical or arrogant Neither is this a time to be humble DOs Prior to any interview, you should have a list mentally prepared of your greatest
strengths You should also have, a specific example or two, which illustrates each
strength, an example chosen from your most recent and most impressive achievements Have a list committed to memory that you can recite them cold
As a general guideline, the 10 most desirable traits that all employers love to see in their
A proven track record as an achiever (especially if your achievements matchup with the employer's greatest wants and needs)
Intelligence + management "savvy"
Honesty + integrity + a decent human being
Good fit with corporate culture + someone to feel comfortable with + a team player who meshes well with interviewer's team.
Likeability + positive attitude + sense of humor
Good communication skills
Dedication + willingness to walk the extra mile to achieve excellence.
Definiteness of purpose + clear goals
Enthusiasm...high level of motivation
Confident + healthy + a leader
Question 3 What are your greatest weaknesses? DON'Ts
This is an eliminator question, designed to shorten the candidate list.
Any admission of a weakness or fault will earn you an “A” for honesty, but an “F” for the
PASSABLE ANSWER Disguise a strength as a weakness Example: “I sometimes push my people too hard. I like to work with a sense of urgency
and everyone is not always on the same wavelength.”
Drawback: This strategy is better than admitting a flaw, but it's so widely used, it is
transparent to any experienced interviewer DOs Assure the interviewer that nothing would stand in the way of you performing in this position with
excellence Then, quickly review you strongest qualifications Example: “Nobody's perfect, but based on what you've told me about this position, I
believe I' d make an outstanding match. I know that when I hire people, I look for two
things most of all. Do they have the qualifications to do the job well, and the motivation
to do it well? Everything in my background shows I have both the qualifications and a
strong desire to achieve excellence in whatever I take on. So I can say in all honesty that
I see nothing that would cause you even a small concern about my ability or my strong
desire to perform this job with excellence.”
Question 4 Tell me about something you did – or
failed to do – that you now feel a little ashamed of.
DON'Ts Never confess a regret But don’t seem as if you’re stonewalling either Even tho this question should not be asked and you may feel like answering, “none of your business,” naturally you can’t Don't get flustered by this question, unburden yourself of guilt
from your personal life or career DOs Say you harbor no regrets, then add a principle or habit you practice
regularly for healthy human relations
Question 5 Why are you leaving (or did you
leave) this position?
DON'Ts Never badmouth your previous industry, company, board, boss, staff,
employees or customers Never be negative Avoid words like “personality clash”, “didn’t get along”, or others which cast a
shadow on your competence, integrity, or temperament Don't be coy DOs (If you have a job presently)
If you’re not yet 100% committed to leaving your present post, don’t be afraid to say so
Since you have a job, you are in a stronger position than someone who does not State honestly what you’d be hoping to find in a new spot (If you do not presently have a job) Never lie about having been fired Try to
deflect the reason from you personally Even if it hurts , describe your own firing – candidly, succinctly and
without a trace of bitterness – from the company’s point-of-view, indicating that you
could understand why it happened and you might have made the same decision
yourself Your stature will rise immensely and, most important of all, you will show you are healed
from the wounds inflicted by the firing Prepare a brief reason for leaving Best reasons: more money,
opportunity, responsibility or growth Question 6 The “Silent Treatment”
DON'Ts Do not answer this question if you are unprepared for this question, you will probably not handle
it right and possibly blow the interview When you get this silent treatment after answering a particularly difficult question do not fill the silence by rambling
DOs Stay silent and wait out the pause of your interviewer because the silent Treatment loses all it power to
frighten you once you refuse to be intimidated Or sincerely ask if "There is anything else I can fill in on that point?”
Question 7 Why should I hire you? DON'Ts Do not stammer or adlib because you’ll blow it by doing so DOs Know the
employer’s greatest needs and desires Whether your interviewer asks you this question explicitly or not, this is the most
important question of your interview because he must answer this question favorably in
is own mind before you will be hired. So help him out! Walk through each of the
position’s requirements as you understand them, and follow each with a reason why you
meet that requirement so well Example: “As I understand your needs, you are first and foremost looking for someone
who can manage the sales and marketing of your book publishing division. As you’ve
said you need someone with a strong background in trade book sales. This is where
I’ve spent almost all of my career, so I’ve chalked up 18 years of experience exactly in
this area. I believe that I know the right contacts, methods, principles, and successful
management techniques as well as any person can in our industry.” Question 8 Aren’t you overqualified for this
DON'Ts Don't view this as a sign of imminent defeat DOs Teach the interviewer a new way to think about this situation, seeing
advantages instead of drawbacks.
Demonstrate the sincerity of your commitment to the employer and reassure him that you’re looking to stay for the long-term will help you overcome this objection (that you will leave your new employer as soon as something better comes your way) Example: “I recognize the job market for what it is – a marketplace. Like any
marketplace, it’s subject to the laws of supply and demand. So ‘overqualified’ can be a
relative term, depending on how tight the job market is. And right now, it’s very tight. I
understand and accept that.”
“I also believe that there could be very positive benefits for both of us in this match.”
Question 9 Where do you see yourself five years
DON'Ts Don't be too specific, i.e., naming the promotions you someday hope to win, you’ll sound
presumptuous. If you’re too vague, you’ll seem rudderless DOs Reassure your interviewer that you’re looking to make a long-term
commitment As for your future, you believe that if you perform each job at hand with
excellence, future opportunities will take care of themselves.
Question 10 Describe your ideal company,
location and job DON'Ts Don't make them feel as if they are second best Do not fail to answer this “Avis” complex objection DOs Describe what this company is offering,
being sure to make your answer believable with specific reasons, stated with sincerity,
why each quality represented by this opportunity is attractive to you Remember that if you’re coming from a company that’s the leader in its field or from a
glamorous or much admired company, industry, city or position, your interviewer and his
company may well have an “Avis” complex Go out of your way to assuage such anxiety, even if it’s not expressed, by putting their
virtues high on the list of exactly what you’re looking for, providing credible reason for
wanting these qualities Express genuine enthusiasm for the firm, its culture, location, industry, etc.
Question 11 Why do you want to work at our
Don't look like you haven't done any homework about the firm DOs Research the company in sources good for learning about your target company (like annual reports, the corporate
newsletter, contacts you know at the company or its suppliers, advertisements, articles
about the company in the trade press) Question 12 What are your career options right
DON'Ts You don’t want to seem desperate, manipulative, or coy DOs Prepare for this question by thinking of how you can position yourself
as a desired commodity (If you are still working) describe the possibilities at your
present firm and why, though you’re greatly appreciated there, you’re looking for
something more (challenge, money, responsibility, etc.) Mention that you’re
seriously exploring opportunities with one or two other firms (If you’re not working) you can talk about other employment possibilities you’re actually
exploring (But do this with a light touch, speaking only in general terms)
Question 13 Why have you been out of work so
DON'Ts You don’t want to seem like damaged goods DOs
You want to emphasize factors which have prolonged your job search
by your own choice.
Question 14 Tell me honestly about the strong
points and weak points of your boss (company,
management team, etc.)...
DON'Ts Never be negative DOs Stress only the good points,
no matter how charmingly you’re invited to be critical Demonstrate your loyalty to those you work with Question 15 What good books have you read
DON'Ts Never fake familiarity you don’t have But also don’t seem like a dullard who hasn’t read a book since Tom Sawyer DOs
Consider it part of the work of your job search to read up on a few of these leading
books. Make sure they are quality books that reflect favorably upon you, nothing
that could even remotely be considered superficial Add a recently published
bestselling work of fiction by a world-class author
Question 16 Tell me about a situation when your
work was criticized.
DON'Ts Don't admit to a weakness DOs
Begin by emphasizing the extremely positive feedback you’ve gotten
throughout your career and (if it’s true) that your performance reviews have been
uniformly excellent Give an example of a not-too-damaging learning experience
from early in your career and relate the ways this lesson has since helped you Or describe your intention to broaden your
master of an area of growing importance in your field Focus on something not essential to your brilliant performance but
which adds yet another dimension to your already impressive knowledge base Question 17 What are your outside interests?
DON'Ts Don't let the interviewer suspect that your heavy extracurricular load will interfere with your commitment to your work duties DOs
Try to gauge how this company’s culture would look upon your
favorite outside activities and be guided accordingly Remember that your employer is hiring your for what you can do for him,
not your family, yourself or outside organizations, no matter how admirable those
activities may be Question 18 The “Fatal Flaw” question
DON'Ts Do not exacerbate the buyer’s anxiety but diminish it Do not respond by being overly defensive DOs
Whenever you come up against a fatal flaw question:
1. Be completely honest, open and straightforward about admitting the
shortcoming 2. Do not apologize or try to explain it away 3. Add that as desirable as such a qualification might be, its lack has made you
work all the harder throughout your career and has not prevented you from
compiling an outstanding tack record of achievements.
Question 19 How do you feel about reporting to a
younger person (minority, woman, etc)?
DON'Ts Avoid anything which smacks of a patronizing or an insensitive attitude, such as “I think they make terrific bosses” or “Hey, some of my best friends are...” DOs
Make your answer believable and not just automatic Say you greatly admire a company that hires and promotes on merit alone
and you couldn’t agree more with that philosophy. The age (gender, race, etc.) of the
person you report to would certainly make no difference to you.
You believe that all people in a
company, from the receptionist to the Chairman, work best when their abilities, efforts
and feelings are respected and rewarded fairly, and that includes you
Question 20 On confidential matters...
DON'Ts Don't make it look like you are disloyal or don't have any integrity Never reveal anything truly confidential about a present or former employer DOs
Explain your reticence diplomatically Allude to your finest achievements in specific ways that don’t
reveal the combination to the company safe Be cooperative against your integrity.
Faced with any such choice, always choose integrity. It is a far more valuable
commodity than whatever information the company may pry from you. Question 21 Would you lie for the company? DON'Ts Don't make it look like you are disloyal or don't have any integrity DOs Try to avoid choosing between two values, giving a positive statement
which covers all bases instead.
If aggressively pressed to choose between two competing values, always choose
personal integrity. It is the most prized of all values.
Question 22 Looking back, what would you do
differently in your life?
DON'Ts Don't uncover any life-influencing mistakes, regrets, disappointments or problems that may continue to affect your personality and performance Don't give the interviewer anything negative to remember you by, such as some great personal or career disappointment, even long ago, that you wish could have been avoided Don't give any answer which may hint that your whole heart and soul will not be in your work DOs
Indicate that you are a happy, fulfilled, optimistic person and that, in
general, you wouldn’t change a thing Question 23 Could you have done better in your
DON'Ts This is no time for true confessions of major or even minor problems Never be negative
DOs Describer a situation that didn’t suffer because of you but from external conditions
beyond your control. Question 24 Can you work under pressure? DON'Ts Don't make your answer seem untruthful DOs Answer absolutely...(then prove it with a vivid example or two of a goal or
project accomplished under severe pressure.)
Question 25 What makes you angry? DON'Ts Don’t come across as either a hothead or a wimp DOs Give an answer that’s suited to both your personality and the
management style of the firm
Question 26 Why aren’t you earning more money
at this stage of your career?
DON'Ts Don’t give the impression that money is not important to you, yet you want to explain why your salary may be a little below industry standards DOs You like to make money, but other factors are even more important (Then be prepared to be specific about what your ideal position and company would be
like, matching them as closely as possible to the opportunity at hand.
Question 27 Who has inspired you in your life and
DON'Ts Don't give an unprepared or irrelevant answer DOs Have a few heroes in mind, from your mental “Board of Directors” –
Leaders in your industry, from history or anyone else who has been your mentor. Be prepared to give examples of how their words, actions or teachings have helped
inspire your achievements Prepare an answer which highlights qualities that
would be highly valuable in the position you are seeking
Question 28 What was the toughest decision you
ever had to make?
DON'Ts Don't give an unprepared or irrelevant answer DOs Be prepared with a good example, explaining why the decision was
difficult...the process you followed in reaching it...the courageous or effective way you
carried it out...and the beneficial results Question 29 Tell me about the most boring job
you’ve ever had.
DON'Ts Don't give a very memorable description of a very boring job because as a result you'll become associated with this boring job in the interviewer’s mind DOs
Say you have never allowed yourself to grow bored with a job and you
can’t understand it when others let themselves fall into that rut Question 30 Have you been absent from work
more than a few days in any previous position?
DON'Ts Don't can’t lie. You could easily be found out But don't bluntly admit an attendance problem because it could raise many flags DOs Describe how important you believe such consistent attendance is for a key
executive...why it’s up to you to set an example of dedication Explain why there’s just no
substitute for being there with your people to keep the operation running smoothly,
answer questions and handle problems and crises as they aris If you do have a past attendance problem, you want to minimize it, making it clear that it
was an exceptional circumstance and that it’s cause has been corrected To do this, give the same answer as above but preface it with something like, “Other that
being out last year (or whenever) because of (your reason, which is now in the past), I
have never had a problem and have enjoyed an excellent attendance record throughout
my career. Furthermore, I believe, consistent attendance is important because...” (Pick
up the rest of the answer as outlined above.) Question 31 What changes would you make if you
came on board?
DON'Ts Don't let the interviewer think you are a know-it-all outsider Don't lunge at this temptingly baited question, you will probably be seen as someone who shoots from the hip DOs
Take a good hard look at everything the
company is doing before making any recommendations Ask if these are in fact his major concerns (If so then
reaffirm how your experience in meeting similar needs elsewhere might prove very
helpful) Question 32 I’m concerned that you don’t have as
much experience as we’d like in... DOs
Identify the weakest aspects of your candidacy
from this company’s point of view before your interview Be prepared for the best answer you possible can to
shore up your defenses. To get past this question with flying colors, you are going to rely on your master strategy
of uncovering the employer’s greatest wants and needs and then matching them with
More specifically, when the interviewer poses as objection like this, you should...
Agree on the importance of this qualification.
Explain that your strength may be indeed be greater than your resume
When this strength is added to your other strengths, it’s really your
combination of qualifications that’s most important
Then review the areas of your greatest strengths that match up most favorably with the
company’s most urgently-felt wants and needs
Question 33 How do you feel about working nights
DON'Ts Don't answer with a flat “no” to either or both DOs Say this kind of schedule is just your
style Add that your family understands it + happy for you Or if you prefer a more balanced lifestyle, answer this question with another Question 34 Are you willing to relocate or travel?
DON'Ts Don't answer with a flat “no” DOs
Find out where you may have to relocate and how much travel
may be involved If there’s no problem, say so enthusiastically.
If you do have a reservation, there are two schools of thought on how to handle it Keep your options open and your reservations to yourself in the early
going, by saying, “no problem”
Voice a reservation, but assert that you’d
be open to relocating (or traveling) for the right opportunity If you
want to take no chances, choose the first approach If you want to play a little harder-to-get in hopes of generating a more enticing offer,
choose the second Question 35 Do you have the stomach to fire
people? Have you had experience firing many
DON'Ts Don't let the interviewer think that you don't have the stomach to fire or that you are unfair/bad in judgement Don’t rise to the bait by boasting how many you’ve fired, unless you’ve prepared to explain why it was beyond your control, and not the result of your poor hiring procedures or foul temperament DOs
Describe the rational and sensible management process you follow in both hiring and firing. Question 36 Why have you had so many jobs?
DON'Ts Don't let your interviewer fear that you may leave this position quickly, as you have others or that you are unstable, or a “problem person” who can’t get along with others DOs Minimize your image as job hopper Consider eliminating the less important ones Try to reassure your interviewer
Describe each position as part of an overall pattern of growth and career
Be careful not to blame other people for your frequent changes Attribute certain changes to conditions beyond your control Show that your job changes were more frequent in your younger days, while you were establishing yourself, rounding out your skills and looking for the right career path You might also cite the job(s) where you stayed the longest and describe that this type of situation is what you’re looking for now Question 37 What do you see as the proper
...a good (job title you’re seeking);
...a good manager;
...an executive in serving the community;
...a leading company in our industry; etc.
DON'Ts Don't be unprepared DOs
Think of the most essential ingredients of success for each category
above – your job title, your role as manager, your firm’s role, etc.
Identify at least three but no more than six qualities you feel are most important to
success in each role. Commit your response to memory.
Question 38 What would you say to your boss if
he’s crazy about an idea, but you think it stinks?
DON'Ts Don't let them think your values, loyalty and honesty, are negative DOs In any conflict between values,
always choose integrity. Question 39 How could you have improved your
DON'Ts You can’t win if you rewrite person history...so don't DOs
Take responsibility for where you are, how you’ve gotten
there, where you are going...and you harbor no regrets Question 40 What would you do if a fellow
executive on your own corporate level wasn’t pulling
his/her weight...and this was hurting your department?
DON'Ts Don't make it look like your sense of human relations and how you might handle office politics are negative DOs Gauge the political style of the firm and be guided accordingly Fall back on universal principles of effective human relations – which in the
end, embody the way you would like to be treated in a similar circumstance Example: “Good human relations would call for me to go directly to the person and
explain the situation, to try to enlist his help in a constructive, positive solution. If I
sensed resistance, I would be as persuasive as I know how to explain the benefits we
can all gain from working together, and the problems we, the company and our
customers will experience if we don’t.”
POSSIBLE FOLLOW-UP QUESTION: And what would you do if he still did not change
ANSWER: “One thing I wouldn’t do is let the problem slide, because it would only get
worse and overlooking it would set a bad precedent. I would try again and again and
again, in whatever way I could, to solve the problem, involving wider and wider circles of
people, both above and below the offending executive and including my own boss if
necessary, so that everyone involved can see the rewards for teamwork and the
drawbacks of non-cooperation.”
“I might add that I’ve never yet come across a situation that couldn’t be resolved by
harnessing others in a determined, constructive effort.”
Question 41 You’ve been with your firm a long
time. Won’t it be hard switching to a new company?
DON'Ts Don't let the interviewer become worried that "the old dog will find it hard to learn new tricks" DOs Point to the many ways you have grown and adapted to changing conditions at your present firm Highlight the different responsibilities you’ve held, the wide array of new situations you’ve faced and conquered As a result, you’ve learned to adapt quickly to whatever is thrown at you, and you thrive on the stimulation of new challenge To further assure the interviewer, describe the similarities between the new position and your prior one Explain that you should be quite comfortable working there, since their needs and your skills make a perfect match BEST ANSWER: To overcome this objection, you must Question 42 May I contact your present employer
for a reference?
DON'Ts Don't seem like you’re trying to hide something DOs Express your concern that you’d like to keep your job search private,
but that in time, it will be perfectly okay.
Example: “My present employer is not aware of my job search and, for obvious reasons;
I’d prefer to keep it that way. I’d be most appreciative if we kept our discussion
confidential right now. Of course, when we both agree the time is right, then by all
means you should contact them. I’m very proud of my record there.
Question 43 Give me an example of your
creativity (analytical skill...managing ability, etc.)
DON'Ts Don't be unprepared Try to not have any hesitation because it may seem as if you’re having a hard time remembering the last time you were creative, analytical, etc. DOs You should commit to memory a list of your greatest and most recent achievements, ever ready on the tip of your tongue
Question 44 Where could you use some
DON'Ts Don't admit your weaknesses DOs Keep this answer (like all your answers) positive Identify a cutting-edge branch of your profession (one that’s
not essential to your employer’s needs) as an area you’re very excited about and want to
explore more fully over the next six months Question 45 What do you worry about? DON'Ts Don't admit to worrying because you could sound like a loser But don't say you never worry because that doesn’t sound credible DOs Redefine the word ‘worry’ so that it does not reflect negatively on you.
Example: “I wouldn’t call it worry, but I am a strongly goal-oriented person. So I keep
turning over in my mind anything that seems to be keeping me from achieving those
goals, until I find a solution. That’s part of my tenacity, I suppose.”
Question 46 How many hours a week do you
DON'Ts You don’t want to give a specific number. Make it to low, and you may not measure up. Too high, and you’ll forever feel guilty about sneaking out the door at 5:15 DOs If you are in fact a workaholic and you sense this company would like that: Say you are a confirmed workaholic, that you often work nights and weekends. Your family accepts this because it makes you fulfilled. If you are not a workaholic: Say you have always worked hard and put in long hours. It goes with the territory. It one sense, it’s hard to keep track of the hours because your work is a labor of love, you enjoy nothing more than solving problems. So you’re almost always thinking about your work, including times when you’re home, while shaving in the morning, while commuting, etc. BEST ANSWER:
Question 47 What’s the most difficult part of being
a (job title)?
DON'Ts Don't let your interviewer conclude that whatever you identify as “difficult” is where you are weak DOs Redefine “difficult” to be “challenging” which is more positive Identify an area everyone in your profession considers challenging and in which
you excel Describe the process you follow that enables you to get splendid results...
and be specific about those results.
Example: “I think every sales manager finds it challenging to motivate the troops in a
recession. But that’s probably the strongest test of a top sales manager. I feel this is
one area where I excel.”
Question 48 The “Hypothetical Problem”
DON'Ts Don’t fall into the trap of trying to solve this problem and giving your verdict on the spot. It will make your decision-making process seem woefully inadequate DOs Describe the rational, methodical process you would follow in analyzing this problem, who you would consult with, generating possible solutions, choosing the best course of action, and monitoring the results. Remember, in all such, “What would you do?” questions, always describe your process or working methods, and you’ll never go wrong Question 49 What was the toughest challenge
you’ve ever faced?
DON'Ts Don't be unprepared or cite an example from so early in your life that it doesn’t score many points for you at this stage of your career DOs
A quality most important to the job at hand; or
A quality that is always in demand, such as leadership, initiative, managerial skill,
persuasiveness, courage, persistence, intelligence, etc.
Question 50 Have you consider starting your own
DON'Ts Don't just say “yes” quick and enthusiastically, you could be perceived as a loose cannon in a larger company, too entrepreneurial to make a good team player...or someone who had to settle for the corporate life because you couldn’t make a go of your own business Also too much enthusiasm in answering “yes” could rouse the paranoia of a small company indicating that you may plan to go out on your own soon, perhaps taking some key accounts or trade secrets with you But don't just say “no, never” because you could be perceived as a security- minded drone who never dreamed a big dream Don't project is an image of either a dreamer who failed and is now settling for the corporate cocoon...or the restless maverick who will fly out the door with key accounts, contacts and trade secrets under his arms just as soon as his bankroll has gotten rebuilt DOs
Gauge this company’s corporate culture before answering and...
Be honest (which doesn’t mean you have to vividly share your fantasy of the
franchise or bed-and-breakfast you someday plan to open).
Be sure to indicate that any desires
about running your own show are part of your past, not your present or future Always remember: Match what you want with what the position offers. The more
information you’ve uncovered about the position, the more believable you can make your
Question 51 What are your goals? DON'Ts Don't be vague about your career and personal goals, it could be a big turnoff to may people you will encounter in your job search Don't be unprepared or with none Don't be too specific
DOs Be ready to discuss your goals for each major area of your life: career, personal
development and learning, family, health, community service and (if your
interviewer is clearly a religious person) you could briefly and generally allude to your
spiritual goals (showing you are a well-rounded individual with your values in the right
order) Be prepared to describe each goal in terms of specific milestones you wish to
accomplish along the way, time periods you’re allotting for accomplishment, why the
goal is important to you, and the specific steps you’re taking to bring it about Do this
concisely, as you never want to talk more than two minutes straight before letting your
interviewer back into the conversation Question 52 What do you for when you hire
DON'Ts Don't be unprepared for the question DOs
Can the person do the work (qualifications)?
Will the person do the work (motivation)?
Will the person fit in (“our kind of team player”)?
Question 53 Sell me this stapler...(this pencil...
this clock...or some other object on interviewer’s
DON'Ts If your interviewer tests you by fighting every step of the way, denying that he even wants such an item, don’t fight him. DOs Be ready
Find out what people want, then show them how to get it
Ask a few questions such as, “Just out of curiosity, if you didn’t already have a
stapler like this, why would you want one? And in addition to that? Any other reason?
Anything else?” “And would you want such a stapler to be reliable?...Hold a good supply of staples?”
(Ask more questions that point to the features this stapler has.)
After these questions, make your presentation citing all the features and
benefits of this stapler and why it’s exactly what the interviewer just told you he’s looking
for Then close with, “Just out of curiosity, what would you consider a reasonable price for a
quality stapler like this...a stapler you could have right now and would (then repeat all
the problems the stapler would solve for him)? Whatever he says, (unless it’s zero), say,
“Okay, we’ve got a deal.” Question 54 “The Salary Question” – How much
money do you want?
DON'Ts Don't handle it wrong and you can blow the job offer or go to work at far less than you might have gotten Never bring up salary DOs
Let the interviewer bring up salary first Make the interviewer
want you first If your interviewer raises the salary question too early, before you’ve had a
chance to create desire for your qualifications, postpone the question, saying
something like, “Money is important to me, but is not my main concern.
Opportunity and growth are far more important. What I’d rather do, if you don’t mind, is explore if I’m right for the position, and then talk about money. Would
that be okay?”
The #1 rule of any negotiation is: the side with more information wins. Know beforehand what you’d accept
job market and this position for any relevant salary information
most executives look for a 20-25%$ pay boost when they switch jobs Never lie about what you currently make, but feel free to include the estimated
cost of all your fringes, which could well tack on 25-50% more to your present
Question 55 The Illegal Question
DON'Ts Illegal questions include any regarding your age...number and ages of your children or other dependents...marital status...maiden name...religion...political affiliation...ancestry...national origin...birthplace...naturalization of your parents, spouse or children...diseases...disabilities...clubs...or spouse’s occupation...unless any of the above are directly related to your performance of the job. You can’t even be asked about arrests, though you can be asked about convictions. DOs
(You can handle an illegal question in several ways) First, you can assert your legal right
not to answer (but this will frighten or embarrass your interviewer and destroy any
rapport you had) Second, you could swallow your concerns over privacy and answer the question straight
forwardly if you feel the answer could help you Third, if you don’t want your privacy invaded, you can diplomatically answer the concern
behind the question without answering the question itself Example: If you are over 50 and are asked, “How old are you?” you can answer with a
friendly, smiling question of your own on whether there’s a concern that your age my
affect your performance. Follow this up by reassuring the interviewer that there’s
nothing in this job you can’t do and, in fact, your age and experience are the most
important advantages you offer the employer for the following reasons...
Question 56 The “Secret” Illegal Question
DON'Ts You can’t address “secret” illegal questions head-on DOs Make sure there’s enough counterbalancing information to more than reassure him that there’s no problem in the area he may be doubtful about. For example, let’s say you’re a sales rep who had polio as a child and you need a cane to walk. You know your condition has never impeded your performance, yet you’re concerned that your interviewer may secretly be wondering about your stamina or ability to travel. Well, make sure that you hit these abilities very hard, leaving no doubt about your capacity to handle them well. Question 57 What was the toughest part of your
DON'Ts Your interviewer will assume that whatever you found toughest may give you a problem in your new position so don't let him think that DOs
State that there was nothing in your prior position that you found
overly difficult, and let your answer go at that. If pressed to expand your answer, you
could describe the aspects of the position you enjoyed more than others, making sure
that you express maximum enjoyment for those tasks most important to the open
position, and you enjoyed least those tasks that are unimportant to the position at hand
Question 58 How do you define success...and
how do you measure up to your own definition? DOs Give a well-accepted definition of success that leads right into your
own stellar collection of achievements Question 59 “The Opinion Question” – What do
you think about ...Abortion...The President...The
Death Penalty...(or any other controversial subject)?
DON'Ts These and other “opinion” questions should never be asked (but sometimes come up) Don't give your opinion to these kinds of questions because if you do and it’s the opposite of his, you won’t change his opinions, but you could easily lose the job offer DOs
If you are ever uncomfortable with any question, asking a question in return is the
greatest escape hatch ever invented. It throws the onus back on the other person,
sidetracks the discussion from going into an area of risk to you, and gives you time to
think of your answer or, even better, your next question!
In response to any of the “opinion” questions cited above, merely responding, “Why do
you ask?” will usually be enough to dissipate any pressure to give your opinion. But if
your interviewer again presses you for an opinion, you can ask another question Question 60 If you won $10 million lottery, would
you still work?
Your totally honest response might be, “Hell, no, are you serious?” That might be so, but any answer which shows you as fleeing work if given the chance could make you seem lazy.
On the other hand, if you answer, “Oh, I’d want to keep doing exactly what I am doing, only doing it for your firm,” you could easily inspire your interviewer to silently mutter to himself, “Yeah, sure. Gimme a break.”
DOs Your best answer will focus on your positive feelings Example: “After I floated down from cloud nine, I think I would still hold my basic belief that achievement and purposeful work are essential to a happy, productive life. After all, if money alone bought happiness, then all rich people would be all happy, and that’s not true.
Question 61 Looking back on your last position,
have you done your best work?
DON'Ts Don't answer “absolutely” because it can seem like your best work is behind you Don't answer, “no, my best work is ahead of me,” and it can seem as if you didn’t give it your all DOs Your answer should state that you always try to do your best, and the best of your career is right now Question 62 Why should I hire you from the
outside when I could promote someone from within? DOs Help him see the qualifications that only you can offer.
Example: “In general, I think it’s a good policy to hire from within – to look outside probably means you’re not completely comfortable choosing someone from inside. Naturally, you want this department to be as strong as it possibly can be, so you want
the strongest candidate. I feel that I can fill that bill because...(then recap your strongest
qualifications that match up with his greatest needs).”
Question 63 Tell me something negative you’ve
heard about our company...
DON'Ts You never want to be the bearer of unflattering news or gossip about the firm DOs Never be negative – and you’ll handle this
one just fine. Question 64 On a scale of one to ten, rate me as
DON'Ts Never be negative Don’t give a numerical rating DOs Simply praise whatever interview style he’s been
using If he’s been tough, say “You have been thorough and tough-minded, the very qualities
needed to conduct a good interview.”
If he’s been methodical, say, “You have been very methodical and analytical, and I’m
sure that approach results in excellent hires for your firm.”
Pay him a sincere compliment that he can believe because it’s anchored
in the behavior you’ve just seen.